Greece History Timeline
6500 BC- 5500 BC
First farming settlements found in northern Greece.
Indo-Europeans enter the mainland and settle in
The Minoan civilization, reached its height
with central power on the isle of Crete.
The end of Mycenaean civilization.
Troy finally fell to Greece
Greece invaded by Dorians. Beginning of Dark Age
Ionian immigration to Anatolia
End of dark age and beginning of Archaic period.
800 BC- 700 BC
Aristocratic Republics take place of Monarchies.
First Olympic games held in Greece
750 BC Greek
poet Homer writes Iliad and Odyssey.
Corinth ruled by the tyrants.
Draco's code of law
Cleisthenes ruled Athens and introduced democracy.
First Persian invasion of Greece, the Battle of Marathon.
Second Persian invasion of Greece, Spartans are defeated at
Thermopylae, Athens is invaded by the Persians.
The Persians are finally defeated at Salamis.
Persians and Athenians halt fighting. Peace of Kallas
The Parthenon in Athens is finished
Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens. Sparta defeats
Athenian trade was harmed and democracy was overthrown
Thebes under Epaminondas defeats Sparta at the Battle of
Philip of Macedon conquered the country
Alexander the Great takes over the throne of Macedonia and all
Alexander defeated Darius, King of Persia, at the battlefield of
Alexander the Great invaded Egypt
Alexander died in Persia at Babylon at the age of 32.
The Romans defeated Macedonians in several battles
Greece became a part of Roman Empire
Byzantium (Istanbul) founded by Constantine the Great
End of Roman Empire
The Arabs invaded Rhodes
King Stefano's IX of Serbia declared himself czar of Greece.
The Ottomans conquered southern Greece.
Rhodes falls to Ottoman Turks.
Venetians regained control of Athens from the Turks
Greece gained independence from Turkey. March 28
Athens becomes the new capital
British begins to rule Cyprus
The first modern Olympic Games held in Athens
troops under Mustafa Kemal invaded Smyrna (Izmir)
The exchange of Greek and Turkish populations
Greece becomes republic
Monarchy comes back
General Metaxas appointed prime minister by king, establishes
quasi- fascist dictatorship.
Mussolini's attack to Greece from Italian-held Albania is
Germany invade Greece and King George II and government flee to
British army evacuates Greece
German army retreated from Athens.
With backing from Britain, Georgios Papandreou is made prime
1946 - 1949
Civil War. Royalist parties win elections and restore monarchy.
General Papagos elected as leader of the government. New
constitution announces Greece a parliamentary democracy with a
monarch as head of state
King Constantine II comes after his father, Paul.
Colonels took power in a bloodless military coup. George
Papadopoulos becomes prime minister.
Greece declared a republic, the monarchy is abolished.
President George Papadopoulos was exiled in a bloodless
military coup led by police chief Brigadier Dimitris Ioannides.
Karamanlis elected president.
Papandreou regained power after the elections.
Greece start to use Euro instead of drachma.
Conservative New Democracy party led by Costas Karamanlis wins